Buckley vs Valeo：跋克雷对韦里欧案件
Buckley vs Valeo: Buckley vs. Verio
In 1976, the Supreme Court upheld the restrictions on donations in the Bacre case against Verio. Proper restriction of political donation is an effort to protect citizens' equal basic political rights, to prevent the rich from controlling political procedures as new privileged persons, and therefore to safeguard democracy. As stipulated in the joint election act, the maximum amount of individual contributions to presidential candidates is $1000. In this way, candidates can no longer rely on a small group of rich people to support their own elections as before. They have to get support from the general electorate.
Coattails: Yanwei lifting force
From the old gentleman's long dress with the word "swallow tail" at the bottom. In American politics, the ability of a serving elected official or candidate for office to use his or her popularity to increase the chances of winning the election for the other candidates of his or her own party - as if to let others accept his or her swallow tail's recommendation and move to victory.
Convention bounce: bounce after meeting
The rise in the popularity of candidates in public opinion polls within days of the Republican or Democratic National Convention's completion of the presidential nomination.
It is the office building of the U.S. Congress. It is located on an 83 foot high ground in the center of Washington, D.C., which is later known as "Capitol Hill". In 1793, George Washington, the first president of the United States, laid the foundation for it by himself, adopting the blueprint of William Thornton, the first winner of the Capitol design competition and a famous designer. The Capitol was completed and put into use in 1800. The exterior wall of the Capitol building is made of white marble. The whole body is white. The architect tries to make it feel holy and pure. The whole Capitol building is a three story flat roof building with a high dome in the center, which is also divided into three floors. There is also a small round tower on the dome, which stands 19 feet (about 5 feet). 8 meters) high statue of liberty. She has a crown on her head, a sword in her right hand and a shield in her left hand. She will always look at the place where the east sun rises.
Caucus: preparatory meeting
A gathering especially for the purpose of promoting political or organizational change. In American election politics, the term refers to a meeting of local party activists during the nomination of presidential candidates. The so-called "hierarchical" pre election system refers to the system in which local activists of political parties elect representatives to participate in the meetings of the higher administrative regions at the local constituency meetings, which then elect representatives to participate in the meetings of the state level, and finally the representatives of the state level meetings elect representatives to participate in the national nomination Congress of the party. The purpose of the caucus system is to show the party's presidential candidates that the party members in the states want to recommend by selecting representatives who support a certain candidate. This practice starts the process of determining presidential candidates at the grass-roots level and therefore democratizes the presidential nomination process.
美国最高立法机关，由参议院和众议院组成。参议员由各州选民直接选出，每州 2 名，实行各州代表权平等原则。美国国会现有参议员100名。当选参议员必须年满30岁，作为美国公民已满9年，当选时为选出州的居民 。参议员任期6年，每2年改选1/3 ，连选得连任没。众议员数按各州人口比例分配，由直接选举产生，每州至少1名，人数固定为435名，必须年满25岁，作为美国公民已满7年，当选时为选出州的居民。众议员任期2年，连选得连任。两院议员长期连任现象极为普遍。议员不得兼任其他政府职务。
The highest legislative body of the United States, consisting of the Senate and the house of Representatives. Senators are directly elected by state voters, with two senators in each state, and the principle of equal representation of each state is implemented. There are now 100 senators in the United States Congress. Elected senators must be at least 30 years old, have been citizens of the United States for nine years, and be residents of the elected state when elected. The term of office of the senator is six years, and one third of the senators are re elected every two years. The number of Representatives shall be distributed in proportion to the population of each state, and shall be directly elected. There shall be at least one representative in each state, with a fixed number of 435 members, who must be at least 25 years old. They have been citizens of the United States for seven years, and they shall be residents of the elected state at the time of election. The term of office of the representative is two years, and he can be re elected. Long term re-election of members of both houses of Parliament is very common. A member shall not hold any other government office concurrently.
Commander in chief：三军统帅
Commander in chief
The constitution of the United States gives the president the right to act as commander in chief of the armed forces. For example, in 1962, Cuba's missile crisis, Kennedy had to decide what kind of plan to take. In 1974, Congress passed the war power act, which restricted the president's power to declare war.