When some students see the composition questions in the exam, they feel that they have a lot to write. So thousands of words came into my mind, writing the first sentence thinking of the second sentence. Often before the first sentence is finished, the next sentence is followed. I have written a lot of hard work, but I still feel that I have more than enough meaning. As a result, the examiner had a headache and could not continue to look down. The reason is that this kind of composition without conception and outline is too disordered and the language quality is poor. Whether it is the CET-4 or CET-6 or the entrance examination for graduate students, the composition test questions in China are all controlled writing, which is different from that in foreign countries. Therefore, when writing, we must write according to the outline or tips given. It is not advisable to indulge in any way, let alone talk about it. This is a basic understanding problem before entering into the actual operation. If you don't pay attention to it, there will be problems.
Endless stream of consciousness
In order to control this kind of writing, we must strictly follow three outlines. If the first paragraph requires a description of a phenomenon, be sure not to conduct a cause analysis first, or there will be nothing to write when the second paragraph needs to analyze the cause. It's wise to give what you want and how you do it. This principle applies to all examinations. In addition, on the one hand, some examinees have many words, and can't control themselves when they send them out. On the other hand, if they don't have words, they can't say what they should say. We may as well quantify the requirements of composition to each paragraph: a composition of about 200 words generally does not exceed 15 sentences, which are allocated to each paragraph according to the requirements of the topic. Each paragraph only says a few words, not more. In fact, the more you say, the more mistakes you make. Therefore, follow the outline, don't write too much in each paragraph, click till the end, and close when you see the good, which is the safest countermeasure.
It's hard to say nothing
Nothing to say is the opposite of endless talk. Some examinees can understand the questions and outline at a glance. They just don't know what to say. Their minds are blank in the examination room, and what they think is just empty. This is a common phenomenon. In this case, it is difficult to write well even in Chinese, let alone in English. In view of this situation, the way is to be good at associating with some specific facts, specific examples and specific phenomena. Think of specific small things, and then form a point of view. It is a good strategy to turn the thinking brought by the visible things into the substance of the composition.
Practice and think frequently at ordinary times
When writing, there is a blank in the mind, which should be formed by the thinking caused by the specific small, trivial and insignificant things, and then discussed. The formation of this kind of stereotyped thinking needs more efforts and practice at ordinary times. From speechless to speechless, there is an example that is enlightening. On various occasions, leaders are often welcome to say a few words. Leaders often begin by saying, "Hello, comrades, I take this opportunity to say three words.". When you say the first sentence, you don't know what the second sentence is. When you say the second sentence, you don't even think about what the third sentence is going to say. But he finally said three words, ending with "thank you all.". The leader's speech "1, 2, 3" has become a stereotype, and he can always find the relevant content to talk about several points, which is the result of long-term practice.
During the examination, the invigilator usually finds that some examinees are just playing deep, where he thinks about the great philosophy of life; where he wants to come up with a point of view, a reason, and a measure, which must be different. The examinee in this situation has obviously made a fundamental mistake. Reference time for 40 minutes of composition, generally should be completed in 35 minutes, and then a few minutes to check language errors. But some examinees can't write a sentence for more than ten minutes, because he is too involved in the role, he wants to dig out his heart and lungs from the teacher who judges the paper. This is a big mistake.
The purpose of composition test is to test the examinee's English level through this proposition. The propositioner focuses on the smoothness of written expression, not on the content and depth of a person's thoughts. Don't guess what the judge likes. Only when the composition is obviously off topic can the content show its importance. No matter the reason or the measure, any point that some examinee thinks of is likely to be expected by the person who made the proposition, and will surely be repeated countless times by thousands of examinees. Therefore, the thought that once made me excited for a while was totally senseless in the eyes of the teacher who judged the paper. The development space of prescriptive composition is very limited, so it is the key to express composition smoothly according to proposition requirements.
English expression in a hurry
The biggest obstacle for many students in composition is that it is difficult to express their meaning in English. To this point, we must first build up confidence. In fact, most of the candidates have received formal college English education, even some self-taught candidates, their English level is enough to write a composition for postgraduate entrance examination. The key is to tap this potential. The biggest feature of Longman dictionary is that it uses 2000 core words to explain hundreds of thousands of entries, and most entries have several semantic items. It can be seen that it is not necessary to express in complicated English, nor to add some difficult words to deepen the impression of the teacher. In fact, simple language can also express complex things. The famous American writer Hemingway's works have attracted thousands of readers with his clear and clear language, which is a clear proof.
English thinking is unrealistic
It is unrealistic to write a composition in English. If you can think in English, you won't have much difficulty. In the actual writing process, what I think is Chinese sentences, and then translate one Chinese sentence into English. Try to find one-to-one correspondence when translating, and hope to find English words corresponding to Chinese words. Results the choice of sentence structure and words was influenced by Chinese, and I felt that I had to work hard to "hold back", or I felt that I had expressed the same meaning, but actually I still felt Chinese. If foreigners are allowed to read this composition, they may not know the content of the article at all, and the Chinese teachers who judge the paper can often imagine how the article was written. In this case, the way out is not to pursue one-to-one correspondence when translating Chinese into English, but to "get the meaning and forget the form".
Simplification of language expression
It is also great to express complicated meanings in simple language. For a concept that cannot be found for a while, we should express the meaning clearly in a circuitous way. Either with a phrase, or with a clause, or two words, if there is no language error, it is also a great!
In a passive way
Many people are in a passive state from the beginning to the end in the process of writing. When they want to express clearly, they find that all kinds of ways are impossible to express well, so they have to force themselves to write what they realize they are not sure about. There is no doubt that this kind of thing that even you realize may be wrong will only result from your own negative effects. Therefore, when some content feels that it can not be found at all, and the English expression is not clear, it should be completely abandoned. Use your brain to think more about the content, reasons and measures. Suppose you think of four reasons. But because one of the reasons is not clear, you should give it up at will and write down another three reasons (maybe two are enough). It can be seen that a positive attitude will make you more flexible in the exam.