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中学生压岁钱消费情况调查报

  调查背景:近几年来,中国经济的发展速度很快,人民生活水平也提高了,这是有目共睹的。而其中春节期间中学生压岁钱的消费问题也成为社会舆论的焦点话题。很多家长的行动都反映了“再穷也不能穷孩子”的念头,对子女的消费要求都尽量满足,尽管是高消费,最后还是给钱。而有些人虽然不富,也许是受周围的人的影响,也向父母要钱去买高档的东西。春节期间,压岁钱频频而来,那么我的同龄人的消费也是这样吗?为此,我开始展开关于中学生压岁钱消费情况的调查。

  Background: in recent years, China's economy has developed rapidly and people's living standards have improved, which is obvious to all. During the Spring Festival, the consumption of middle school students' New Year's money has also become the focus of public opinion. Many parents' actions reflect the idea of "no matter how poor they are", and they try their best to meet their children's consumption requirements, even though it is high consumption, they still pay money in the end. While some people are not rich, maybe influenced by the people around them, they also ask their parents for money to buy high-end things. During the Spring Festival, new year's money comes frequently, so is the consumption of my peers the same? Therefore, I began to carry out a survey on the consumption of middle school students' New Year's money.

  调查过程:在调查中,我遇到最大的问题,就是很多被访人都不太合作。用调查纸调查时,他们大多都是应付的,随随便便填完就算,可能不如亲自访问好,所以我又采访了几位中学生。在这次过程中,我又发现了很多同学都是避而不答的,也许他们怕我问到他们的家庭情况或心理上的情况,所以不好意思说,只有少部分人乐意而热情的接受了我的访问。为此,我为了确保调查的真实性,要多访问些人,从中找出多一些认真回答我的问题的人。以下纪录的是其中四位同学的回答:

  Investigation process: in the investigation, the biggest problem I encountered was that many interviewees were not cooperative. When using survey paper to investigate, most of them are dealing with it. Even if they fill in it casually, it may be better to visit in person. So I interviewed several middle school students. In this process, I also found that many students are avoiding answering, maybe they are afraid that I will ask about their family situation or psychological situation, so I am sorry to say that only a few people are willing and enthusiastic to accept my visit. Therefore, in order to ensure the authenticity of the survey, I need to visit more people and find out more people who seriously answer my questions. The following are the responses of four of them:

  问:请问你有压岁钱吗?大约多少?

  Q: do you have lucky money? About how much?

  答:(1)有。每年几乎都在1000元以上。

  A: (1) yes. Almost every year, it's over 1000 yuan.

  (2)有。大约7、8百吧。

  (2) Yes. About seven or eight hundred.

  (3)有。也就是1000多元。

  (3) Yes. That is more than 1000 yuan.

  (4)有,可是不多,2、3百元吧。

  (4) Yes, but not much. Two or three hundred yuan.

  问:那么,这些钱都用来做什么呢?

  Q: so what is all this money for?

  (1)买衣服啊。有时去买书,买漫画,剩下的存起来。

  (1) Buy clothes. Sometimes I buy books, comics and save the rest.

  (2)请同学大吃一顿。剩下的交学费。

  (2) Please have a big meal. The rest is for tuition.

  (3)买衣服、游戏或点卡。这几年我准备存起来,以后好上高中啊。

  (3) Buy clothes, games or cards. I'm going to save these years so that I can go to high school.

  (4)存到银行。

  (4) Deposit in the bank.

  问:你们有没有想过用于捐助贫困山区或是用于其他内容?

  Q: have you ever thought about donating to poor mountainous areas or other contents?

  答:(1)想过。

  A: (1) yes.

  (2)没有。但是我想过给同学办个生日会。

  (2) No. But I thought about having a birthday party for my classmates.

  (3)有啊,可是不知道怎么捐,所以有时就用来旅游了。

  (3) Yes, but I don't know how to donate, so sometimes it's used for traveling.

  (4)没有。但我经常用它交学费。

  (4) No. But I often use it to pay for school.

  调查分析:经过调查,我发现,现代中学生春节的压岁钱主要消费于饮食、衣着、娱乐三个方面:

  Investigation and analysis: after investigation, I found that the Spring Festival money of modern middle school students is mainly consumed in three aspects: diet, clothing and entertainment:

  1、衣着消费大约占了总消费的一半。为什么会出现如此现象呢?据分析调查得出,这些学生他们互相攀比,追求名牌,例如:一对的名牌运动鞋至少要花去四五百块,多至一千多块;一件的衣服要上百块;一条裤要百多块。

  1. Clothing consumption accounts for about half of the total consumption. Why does this happen? According to the analysis and investigation, these students compare with each other and pursue famous brands. For example, a pair of famous brand sports shoes cost at least 4500 yuan, as much as 1000 yuan; a piece of clothing costs 100 yuan; a pair of trousers costs more than 100 yuan.

  2、娱乐消费大约占总消费的1/4。有些人总是追潮流,赶时髦,佩带随身听,甚至手机等。这些都是一些高消费品,

  2. Entertainment consumption accounts for about 1 / 4 of the total consumption. Some people are always following the trend, following the fashion, wearing Walkman, even cell phone and so on. These are high-end consumer goods,

  3、用于饮食的消费大约也占总消费的1/4。有些人每当有节日都去庆祝,每当有同学生日、也都去开生日派对,还有诸如此类的派对。

  3. The consumption of food also accounts for about one fourth of the total consumption. Some people celebrate every time there is a festival, every time there is a classmate's birthday, there are birthday parties, and so on.

  以上三点是绝大多数消费方式。然而,用于其他消费的只有那么一点。在这一点中,有的用于学习的,剩余的是用于搭车。这样高的消费,花费这样多的压岁钱,到底他们的钱是来自何方呢?经多方调查,他们的钱的主要来源是来自他们的长辈。

  The above three points are the vast majority of consumption patterns. However, there is only one point for other consumption. In this point, some are for learning, and the rest are for hitchhiking. With such high consumption and so much new year's money, where does their money come from? After many investigations, the main source of their money comes from their elders.

  在这次调查当中,我还对同学的节俭态度的问题,做出了调查,其中的80%表示想过节俭,在这其中,只有不到一半的落实了。

  In this survey, I also made a survey of my classmates' frugality attitude. 80% of them said they wanted to be frugal, of which less than half were implemented.

  调查建议:通过这次研究性的调查,我对初中生的压岁钱消费情况和对节俭的态度问题有了初步的了解,从中也得到了一些建议,希望同学们能根据自己的实际情况,择善而从之,建议如下:

  Survey suggestions: through this research survey, I have a preliminary understanding of junior high school students' New Year's money consumption and their attitude towards frugality, and I have also got some suggestions. I hope that students can follow them according to their actual situation. The suggestions are as follows:

  1、多用来买有用的书。这一点是我推荐认为最好的,因为有益的书,你从书中学会了知识,知识就是你的了。

  1. Use it to buy useful books. This is the best I recommend, because the useful books, you learn from the books, knowledge is your.

  2、用于储蓄。把钱存起来,积少成多,等以后有用时再用。

  2. For saving. Save up your money, and it will be used when it is useful in the future.

  3、少买零食等。吃零食不仅浪费,还不利于健康,为什么要买呢?

  3. Buy less snacks, etc. Eating snacks is not only a waste, but also not conducive to health. Why buy them?

  4、资助贫困山区。把多余的钱资助给需要帮助的人。

  4. Support poor mountain areas. Give the extra money to those in need.

  5、不要与人攀比。如果这样,会使家庭富有的孩子感到优越,会使家境贫穷的孩子感到自卑,两者都有坏处。

  5. Don't compare with others. If so, it will make the children with rich families feel superior and the children with poor families feel inferior. Both have disadvantages.

  6、这一点是针对于家长的。在平时中,有许多孩子的压岁钱大多由家长保管。如果孩子向家长要压岁钱当作零用钱,而家长既不想拒绝孩子的要求,又怕孩子拿到钱以后乱花,常会感到左右为难,不知所措。那么,家长到底要怎样对待孩子的这种行为呢?我这里就有几个好点子,不如说出来吧。家长首先应区分孩子的要求是否合理。凡是那些合理的要求,例如买书、买练习本,家长就应适当满足孩子并让他自己去购买这些东西。这样一方面可以激发孩子的学习兴趣,一方面可以培养孩子的独立性。对那些不合理要求,家长要严辞拒绝,并向孩子讲明道理。总之,家长要牢记的一点就是千万不可对孩子有求必应,纵容孩子花钱。否则,让孩子从小养成好逸恶劳,花钱大手大脚的坏习惯,到头来会后患无穷。

  6. This is for parents. In normal times, many children's new year's money is mostly kept by their parents. If the child asks the parents to use the new year's money as pocket money, and the parents do not want to refuse the child's request, and are afraid that the child will spend the money indiscriminately after getting it, they will often feel in a dilemma and at a loss. So, how should parents treat their children's behavior? I have a few good ideas here. Let's talk about them. Parents should first distinguish whether their children's requirements are reasonable. All those reasonable requirements, such as buying books and exercise books, parents should properly meet their children and let them buy these things themselves. On the one hand, it can stimulate children's interest in learning, on the other hand, it can cultivate children's independence. For those unreasonable requests, parents should strictly refuse and explain the truth to their children. In a word, parents should keep in mind that they must not be responsive to their children's demands and indulge their children in spending money. Otherwise, let the child develop the bad habit of enjoying leisure and hard work and spending too much money, which will lead to endless troubles in the end.

  “节俭本身就是一个大财源。”最终,我提醒大家,学会节俭吧!你会受益无穷……

  "Frugality itself is a great source of money." Finally, I remind you to learn to be frugal! You will benefit a lot

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