Spring Festival is the most distinctive traditional festival in China. It marks the end of the old lunar year. The new year has begun. People will bid farewell to the cold and monotonous winter and welcome the vigorous spring.
The original name of the Spring Festival was "New Year's Day". Du Taiqing of the Sui Dynasty said in the five candle Dictionary: "the first month is the end month, one of which is the new year's day, which is also the cloud Dynasty and the cloud new moon." The original meaning of "Yuan" is "head", later extended to "start", because this day is the first day of the year, the first day of spring, the first day of the first month, so it is called "three yuan"; because this day is still the year's day, the month's day and the day's day, so it is also called "Three Dynasties"; also because it is the first new day, so it is also called "Yuanshuo". In menglianglu, Wu Zimu of Song Dynasty explained: "the new year's Day is the new year's day of the first month." In Shuowen Jiezi, the word "Dan" is interpreted as "from the sunrise to the earth", which means that the sun just rises from the horizon, that is, the morning. Because it represents the first morning of the year and the first morning of the first month, it is called "New Year's Day" and "New Year's Day". In addition to the above appellations, Spring Festival is also called "new year", "new year", "Fangsui", "Huasui", etc. among many appellations, "New Year's Day" is the most common and the longest.
In different historical periods, the term "Spring Festival" also has different specific meanings. In the Han Dynasty, the first spring of the 24 solar terms was called "Spring Festival". In the northern and Southern Dynasties, people called the whole spring "Spring Festival". After the victory of the 1911 Revolution, in order to conform to the lunar time and facilitate statistics, the Nanjing provisional government stipulated that the Gregorian calendar should be used by the people in government organs, factories, mines, schools and organizations, with the first day of the Gregorian calendar as the new year's day. However, the first day of the first day of the first lunar month is generally called "the year of the Gregorian calendar", and the first day of the first lunar month is still called "the new year's Day".
On September 27, 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) adopted the universal Gregorian calendar era in the world to designate the first day of the lunar new year as new year's day and new year's day. Because the first day of the first lunar month is usually around the beginning of spring, the first day of the first lunar month is defined as "Spring Festival". Spring Festival generally refers to new year's Eve and the first day of the first month. But in the folk, the traditional meaning of the Spring Festival is from the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month or the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month to the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, with the new year's Eve and the first day of the first lunar month as the climax. During the traditional festival of Spring Festival, the Han nationality and most ethnic minorities in China have to hold various activities to celebrate.