The concept of Spring Festival and new year originally came from agriculture. In ancient times, people called the growth cycle of grain "year". He Bu: "in the year of, Gu Shuo also:. In the Xia and Shang Dynasties, there was a lunar calendar. The period of the moon's round and missing is the month. A year is divided into twelve months. The new moon is the day when the moon is not seen. The new moon's sub hour is called the beginning of the year, also called the year. The name of the year begins from the Zhou Dynasty and is not formally fixed until the Western Han Dynasty, and continues to this day. However, the first day of the first lunar month in ancient times was called "New Year's Day". Until the victory of the 1911 Revolution in modern China, in order to conform to the agricultural time and facilitate statistics, the Nanjing provisional government stipulated that the Chinese calendar should be used in the folk, and implemented in government organs, factories, mines, schools and organizations. The first day of the first lunar month in the Gregorian calendar was called the new year's day, and the first day of the first lunar month in the lunar calendar was called the Spring Festival.
On September 27, 1949, new China was founded. At the first plenary session of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference, the new year's day of the Gregorian calendar, commonly known as the lunar year, was adopted. The first day of the first lunar month is usually around the beginning of spring, so the first day of the first lunar month is called "Spring Festival", commonly known as the lunar year.
The traditional meaning of the Spring Festival is from the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month or the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month to the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, with the new year's Eve and the first day of the first lunar month as the climax. During the traditional festival of Spring Festival, the Han nationality and most ethnic minorities in China have to hold various celebrations, most of which mainly include the sacrifice of gods and Buddhas, ancestor worship, the removal of the old and the establishment of the new, the reception of the new, and the praying for a good year. The activity forms are rich and colorful, with rich national characteristics.