Looking back on the past, history has left us too many thoughts and mysteries, and this "etiquette at the age of" is one of them. For example, the custom of Spring Festival has become the largest traditional folk festival in China. Spring Festival has been paid more attention in ancient capital, which has formed a complete set of Spring Festival customs. The first day of the first lunar month is the Spring Festival, commonly known as "new year". The Spring Festival originated from the worship of gods and ancestors at the end of the year in the Yin and Shang Dynasties. The ancient spring festival is called "New Year's Day" and "New Year's Day". After the 1911 Revolution, the first day of the first lunar month was officially named the Spring Festival.
As far as Beijing is concerned, there has been a "New Year's taste" since the beginning of the lunar month when eight families want to brew Laba vinegar (garlic). The ballad says: "don't be upset, old lady. It's the year after Laba. How many days is Laba porridge? Li Li cheers 23...... " , December 23 is also known as "Xiaonian". There is a ballad that says: "sweet melon sacrifice to kitchen, new year's day comes, girl wants to spend, boy wants gun...". From this day on, Beijingers are more busy, offering sacrifices to kitchen, cleaning houses, steaming steamed bread, buying new year's goods, pasting the word "Fu", pasting New Year's pictures, cutting window flowers and pasting couplets. Stick door god, stick money, have been busy until new year's Eve, began to celebrate the new year.
Beijingers always stick "Fu" upside down on the door, wardrobe and water tank, implying the arrival of Fu. There are also many things to pay attention to when pasting spring couplets. Ordinary people paste red spring couplets on the lintels, and the inner court and the prince's houses are all inlaid with white Xuan paper with red edges. Those who keep the system (those who have lost their father or mother) use blue paper, and those who have lost their mother use yellow paper. The Spring Festival couplets began in the Five Dynasties. It is said that in those days, the prince of Shu wrote on the gate of his palace, "the sky falls for the rest of the year, and the earth connects Changchun." This is the first spring festival couplet in China. Beijingers put up spring strips such as "looking up to see happiness" in the inner court, "going out to see happiness" outside the house, and "the whole hospital is bright" inside the house.
In the past, most people in old Beijing provided niches or deities. By the thirties of the new year, the most important thing was to put on the nine hall big offerings. There were the honeyed offerings, the cakes and pastries, the fruits, dried fruits and pastries, eight pieces in size, the rice, dumplings (or steamed food), stir fried vegetables (or fried food). If you have a bad family, you should also place three or five offerings. Beijing people talk about eating, drinking and playing in the new year, mainly eating. These offerings are actually for people.
The new year's Eve dinner (also known as reunion dinner) of Beijing people is indispensable and the most abundant dinner of the year. New year's Eve's new year's dinner should be served with meat and vegetables. There are cold meat, big dishes and clean dishes. There are cold stewed pig, mutton, chicken and duck. The big ones are: braised pork, braised pork, rice flour meat, red and white meatballs, four happiness meatballs. Qingkou dishes are generally tofu, green vegetables, Luoshi, pickled bergamot, etc. The main food is mainly meat and vegetable sleeping.
Beijing people eat dumplings on New Year's Eve and the first day of the first month, taking the meaning of "making friends when they are older". Also always dumplings into a Yuanbao shape, in dumplings into sugar, copper money, peanuts, dates, chestnuts and so on. If you eat sugar, it means sweet life in the future; if you eat copper money, it means rich flowers; if you eat peanuts, it means long life, because peanuts are also called longevity fruits, if you eat dates and chestnuts, it means early fruit
The custom of Spring Festival in Beijing is so interesting!